Signs of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) as the Mahdi and Messiah

As-Salamu ‘Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

I have prepared the following signs of the Promised Messiah, Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad al-Qadiani (‘alayhi salam) from Qur’an and Hadith. It is meant to be used after one already understands that Jesus (as) has passed away. There are 30 verses in the Qur’an that allude to this and insha’Allah I will write an article about that as well. Distribute these signs as you please. Please spread the knowledge.

Do bear in mind, that this list is non-exhaustive and that there are many more signs that I have not mentioned here.

Also bear in mind that Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) was not ignorant and definitely aware of the prevailing notion among the Muslims that the Mahdi shall wage war on the non-believers along with Jesus (as) who shall descend on a white minaret in Damascus, and that the Mahdi shall be from the lineage of Hadrat Fatima (ra) and be from the Quraysh and be named Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah. He narrates these very notions here (pg. 4). Such Ahadith if they exist not only are weak but go against the Qur’anic commandment of “no compulsion in religion” (2:256) and therefore are rejected.

His role as the actual Mahdi was to correct the wrong understanding of the Mahdi held by Muslims of today, brought about due to corruption of the scholars and also many fabricated Ahadith regarding the Mahdi.

For more proofs of the Mahdi in his own writing, please read his book Shahadat al-Qur’an.

Allāh and His Prophet (sa) Sometimes Speak in Metaphorical Language­

هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ عَلَيۡكَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ مِنۡهُ ءَايَـٰتٌ۬ مُّحۡكَمَـٰتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَـٰبِهَـٰتٌ۬‌ۖ
“He it is Who has revealed the Book to you. Some of its verses are literal. They are the basis of the Book – and others are metaphorical.” (Sūrah Āl-e-‘Imrān, 3:6)

وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّه الْمْثَالَ لِلنهاسِ
“And Allāh sets forth parables to men, and Allah knows all things full well.” (Sūrah al-Nūr, 24:36)

– Sticking to literalism is very crude and very simple people can do that, but metaphor, allegory and imagery are signs of eloquent speech, and obviously Allāh has the most eloquent speech, and the Prophet (sa) said he had eloquent speech as well (Sahīh al-Bukhārī)

– If Jesus (as) were really to supposedly come down from the sky, who wouldn’t believe in him? The purpose behind faith in the unseen (al-Ghayb) becomes purposeless then.

– In history, no Prophet has ever ascended heaven or come down after thousands of years, not even Elijah (as) whom the Jews were expecting to herald the Messiah and failed to realize that he came in the spirit of Yahya (John the Baptist) as as stated by Jesus (as) in the Bible.

– The Qur’ān in Sūrah al-Maryam, Verse 58, it says Allāh raised the Prophet Idrīs (as) up using the word rafa’a رفع  which is the same word used by Allāh for Jesus (as) in the Qur’ān yet no Muslim scholar believes Idrīs (as) physically ascended to heaven, nor do they believe he will come down from the sky. The Bible purports the same idea.

Why is Promised Messiah Called ‘Īsa ibn Maryam?

وَضَرَبَ ٱللَّهُ مَثَلاً۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱمۡرَأَتَ فِرۡعَوۡنَ إِذۡ قَالَتۡ رَبِّ ٱبۡنِ لِى عِندَكَ بَيۡتً۬ا فِى ٱلۡجَنَّةِ وَنَجِّنِى مِن فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَعَمَلِهِۦ وَنَجِّنِى مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ
وَمَرۡيَمَ ٱبۡنَتَ عِمۡرَٲنَ ٱلَّتِىٓ أَحۡصَنَتۡ فَرۡجَهَا فَنَفَخۡنَا فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِنَا وَصَدَّقَتۡ بِكَلِمَـٰتِ رَبِّہَا وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَكَانَتۡ مِنَ ٱلۡقَـٰنِتِينَ

“And Allah sets forth for those who believe the example of the wife of Pharaoh when she said, ‘My Lord! build for me a house with Thee in the Garden; and deliver me from Pharaoh and his work, and deliver me from the wrongdoing people.’ And the example of Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her private parts — so We breathed into him of Our Spirit — and she fulfilled in her person the words of her Lord and His Books and was one of the obedient.’” (Sūrah al-Tahrīm, 66:12-13)

يصير المريض جزء الشيخ كما أن الولد جزء الوالد في الولادة التبعية، و تسير هذه الولادة انفا و لادةمعنوية، كما ورد عن
عيسى صلوات الله عليه: لن يلج ملكوت السماء من لم يولد مرتين، فبالولادة اأمولى يصير له ارتباط بعليم الملك و بهذه الولادة
يصير له ارتباط بالملكوت
Shaykh Shahāb al-Dīn Suhrawardī (rh) writes: “The Murīd [disciple] is part of the Shaykh [preceptor], even as in physical birth the son is part of the father. The Murīd comes to birth in a metaphorical manner in the sense which Jesus described when he said that no man will enter the Kingdom of Heaven unless he is born twice over.”

– Sometimes people name a person by the name of someone they are similar to in attributes
– Mary mentioned as a model for the believers
– So being ‘Jesus’, a ‘Son of Mary’ would indicate spiritual rank

Sign of the Eclipses

ECLIPSESunni and Shi’a ahadith regarding the Mahdi say that a lunar and solar eclipse shall happen in the month Ramadan in a certain way for the Mahdi as per the following hadith:

حدثنا أبو سعيد الإصطخري ، ثنا محمد بن عبد الله بن نوفل ، ثنا عبيد بن يعيش، ثنا يونس بن بكير عن عمرو بن شمر عنجابر عن محمد بن علي قال : إن لمهدينا آيتين لم تكونا منذ خلق السماوات والأرض ينكسف القمر لأول ليلة من رمضان وتنكسف الشمس في النصف منه ولم تكونا منذ خلق الله السموات والأرض.

“We heard from Abū Sa’īd al-Istakhrī, that Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin Nawfal heard that ‘Abīd bin Ya’īsh heard that Yūnus bin Bakīr heard that ‘Umar bin Shamar heard that Jābir heard that Muhammad bin ‘Alī [al-Bāqir] said [that the Prophet Muhammad (sa) said]:

‘Surely for our Mahdī there are two signs. These have not happened since the creation of the heavens and the earth. The eclipse of the moon in the first night [out of the possible nights for an eclipse] in the month of Ramadhān, and the eclipse of the sun in the halfway point of that [i.e. the middle day of the possible days of a solar eclipse in Ramadhān]. And these signs have not occurred since the creation of the heavens and the earth.” [translation by myself]

(Sunan al-Dārqutnī, Vol. II, Bāb Siffat Salāt al-Khusūf wa al-Kusūf wa Hayta’humā [Chapter: Qualities of the Prayer at the Eclipses of the Sun and Moon, and other matters concerning these two], Kitāb al-’Īdayn [Book of the Two ‘Īd Festivals], Hadīth #10 of the Chapter, and #1771 of the Volume)

This happened for Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) twice. NASA databases of all eclipses in the 1800′s attest to this.

For more info, read my article on the topic:

State of Muslim World
Another sign is the current state of the Muslim World. The ‘Ulama of today are like Jews at time of ‘Isa (as) as per the Prophet’s (sa) prediction:

Abdullah bin Amar (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) said “Surely things will happen to my people as happened earlier to the Jews; they will resemble each other like one shoe in a pair resembles the other to the extent that if anyone among the Jews has openly committed adultery to his mother there will be some who will do this in my Ummah as well” (Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Iman).

This has happened as they focus so much on the physical observance of Islamic Law and nothing of the spirit of Islam (Ihsan) or of the teaching of forgiveness. There is so much disarray in the Muslim world, from ISIS to even Sufi jihadist groups such as the Naqshabandi Army in Iraq.

What else does the Qur’an say the Jews did, which Muslims today also do?

“They took up their priests and religious scholars as their Rabb besides Allah.” (9:31)

Al-Tirmidhi (no.2229) and others record the following hadith:

إنما أخاف على أمتي الأئمة المضلين

“Surely I do not fear for my Ummah more than I fear they shall have corrupt leaders”

وعن علي قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم: “يوشك أن يأتي على الناس زمان لا يبقى من الإسلام إلا اسمه ولا يبقى من القرآن إلا رسمه مساجدهم عامرة وهي خ ا رب من الهدى علماؤهم شر من تحت أديم السماء من عندهم تخرج الفتنة وفيهم تعود

“And ‘Alī (bin Abī Tālib) says that the Messenger of Allāh (sa) said: ‘There will come a time upon mankind when there will be nothing left of Islām except its name, and nothing will be issue from them except strife and there will be nothing remaining of the Qur’ān except its formalization (ie. the Qur’ān will be adorned and respected yet its inner meanings will not be understood or acted upon), their mosques will be full (of people) but devoid of guidance, their ‘Ulamā’ (scholars) will be the worst people under the sky. Strife will come from them and it will return upon themselves.’ – As narrated by al-Bayhaqī.” (Mishkāt al-Masābīh, Kitāb al-‘Ilm – Book of Knowledge, Book 2, Section 3, Hadīth #276/79)

Hadrat ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (radiAllahu ‘anhu), the second Rightly-Guided Caliph of Islam, said:

“Islam will be destroyed by the mistakes of scholars, the arguments of the hypocrites who misinterpret the Qur’an to support their views and misleading rulers.”(‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab: His Life & Times vol.1 p.333 Dr. ‘Ali M. as-Sallabi)

These prophecies are very clear about the state of the Muslims at the time of the Imām Mahdī, whom they will need for their reformation.

Muslims Forgetting the Qur’an
“And the Messenger will say, ‘O my Lord, my people indeed treated this Qur’ān as a discarded thing.’” (Sūrah al-Furqān, 25:31)

“This is the stark truth about Muslims today. The question no longer is: How many Islamic things have they abandoned. The question rather is: How many have they not abandoned?

True it is today: ‘You may meet Muslims in a graveyard and Islam in its books, Islam today can be found ill the pages of the Holy Quran the books of Hadith, and the books of the Imams, but not in the lives of Muslims.

In the first place, Muslims are hardly aware of the teachings of Islam. If they seek such awareness, they soon find that access to the meaning and spirit of Islam has become nearly impossible. Everything relating to Islam has become distorted.

We are also told that divine revelation is not free from the influence of Satan; the only source of security is thus taken away.

The ‘interpreters’ of Islam have not spared even the Holy Prophet. Falsely and indiscriminately they have attributed to him a love affair with Zaynab, or secret relations with a slave girl, or other inconceivable things. In this way they have detracted from the matchless beauty of character which is the Holy Prophet’s.

A theory of abrogation (mansookh) has been invented, and a perfect book like the Holy Quran has been put in doubt.

Then it is taught that a dead prophet, himself a follower of Moses, ‘Isa bin Maryam, will come and rejuvenate Islam in our time, the followers of the Holy Prophet and his example of influence being unable to do so.

To pray in one’s own language during pauses between prescribed prayers is branded as Kufr, or unbelief.

Their economic enterprise has ended. Their great name is gone. Science and intellect, once their handmaids and constant companions, seem like strangers to them.

Muslim mystics have also degenerated and those who receive revelation are no where to be found among the Muslims.

The ‘Ulama promote disaffection and mutual hostility. They sponsor their own opinions as the teaching of God and His Prophet.

The ruling classes amongst Muslims are corrupt. Exploiting the poor and the ignorant is their daily business. The opportunity to rule is for them not an opportunity to serve, but an opportunity to dominate and dictate.

Islam, once the scourge of other religions, is today a carcass, being eaten by worms and vultures. Money and means can be found by Muslims for all their needs but not for the defense and dissemination of Islam.

Time can be found for scandal-mongering, for gossip and for the entertainment of friends, but not for learning or teaching the Holy Book.”

– Hadrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad (radiAllahu ‘anhu), Caliph II of the Mahdi

Alcohol Consumption, Disappearance of Knowledge, Adultery, Gender Ratio

beer_bottlesAnother sign which is happening today.

Anas ibn Malik (ra) said,

“I shall tell you a Hadith which I heard from the Messenger of Allah, and which no-one will tell you after me. I heard him say, ‘Among the signs of the Hour will be the disappearance of knowledge and the appearance of ignorance. Adultery will be prevalent and the drinking of wine will be common. The number of men will decrease and the number of women will increase until there will be fifty women to be looked after by one man.”

This Hadith was reported in the two Sahihayn from the Hadith of ‘Abd Rabbihi.

Disappearance of Knowledge
Another sign:

‘Abd Allah said,

“The Prophet said, ‘Just before the Hour, there will be days in which knowledge will disappear and ignorance will appear, and there will be much killing.’ ” (Ibn Majah; also narrated by Bukhari and Muslim, from the Hadith of al-A’mash)

Persian Reformer of Islam
Another sign is that when the following verse was revealed to the Prophet (sa), “And He (Allah) has sent him (Muhammad) also to others (Muslims) who have not yet joined him” (62:3), the companions asked who these other Muslims are.

He said that “a time will come when Iman (faith) shall ascend to al-Thurayya (the stars) and a man from Salman al-Farsi’s people shall bring it back” (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab al-Tafsir, Book 60, #420).

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) had a Persian heritage from his father’s lineage, and Mirza is a Persian title of nobility.

Black Flag of Khorasan
To elaborate on this last point,

Thawban (ra) narrated that the Prophet (sa) said: “If you see the black banners emerging from Khurasan (Persia), seek to join their supporters even if creeping, because among them will be caliph Al-Mahdi.” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 3, 4084)

This flag is the flag of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community today (contrary to popular belief it is not the flag of any Jihadist groups since this flag would be for the followers of the Mahdi).

038 Liwa-e-Ahmadiyyat fluttering in Jalsa Gah

Prophetic Lineage
Then there are Ahadith that say that the Mahdi shall be from the lineage of the Prophet (sa).

“Al-Mahdi is one of us, from the members of the household (Ahlul-Bayt).” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2, Tradition No. 4085)

“Ibn `Asakir has reported in his Tarikh : A person from the family of Hasan will appear from the Eastern countries. Even if mountains stood in his way he will demolish them and make his way through.” [Hujaj al-Kiramah, p. 355.]

However there are other Ahadith stating things like the following:

“Dar Qutni reports that: Mahdi will be from the family of my uncle `Abbas.” [Ibid., p. 355].

Yet there is another report which reads:

“O ‘Abbas! God started this matter with me and will end it with a young man of your progeny who will fill this earth with justice as it was filled with violence.” [Kanz al-`Ummal (Da’irat al-Mu’arif al-Nizamiyyah Press Hyderabad, 1314 A.H.) vol. 7, p. 188]

With conflicting reports on whether he shall be a Hassani, Hussayni, from ‘Abbas or otherwise, it seems as if the Prophet (sa) rather was meaning to say that the Mahdi shall follow his Sunnah therefore be counted as one of his Ahl-ul-Bayt.

This is in line with the following hadith:

سَلْمَانُ مِنَّا اَھْلَ الْبَیْتِ

“Salmān is from among us, that is, the Ahlul-Bayt.” (Aṭ-Ṭabaqātul-Kubrā, By Muḥammad bin Sa‘d, Volume 4, p. 360, Aṭ-Ṭabaqatuth-Thāniyatu Minal- Muhājirīna Wal-Anṣār / Salmān Al-Fārisī, Dāru Iḥyā’it-Turāthil-‘Arabī, Beirut, Lebanon, FirstEdition (1996))

In any case, since the lineage would be maternal anyway (through Fatima az-Zahra (radiAllahu ‘anha), Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s (as) was a direct descendant of the Prophet (sa) through his mother.

Jesus and the Messiah Different Persons
It should be kept in mind though that any hadith that mentions the “Mahdi” is weak. Sahih Bukhari and Muslim don’t even mention the term Mahdi but only mention the coming of the Masih.

If Jesus (as) is dead, then who is the Masih that the Prophet (sa) predicted?

Ibn ‘Arabi says:

ﻭﺟﺏ ﻧﺯﻭﻟہ ﻓﯽ ﺁﺧﺭ ﺍﻟﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺗﻌﻠﻘۃ ﺑﺑﺩﻥ ﺁﺧﺭ

“His descent in the last days shall definitely be in a different body.” (Tafsīrul Qur’ān Al-Karīm, Volume 2, Page 296)

“Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet said: ‘I saw Jesus and Moses and Abraham (during the Mi’rāj – Night Journey). Jesus was of a rosy complexion, curly hair, and broad chest. Moses was of brown complexion, straight hair, and tall stature as if he was from the men of al-Zutt.” (Sahīh Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Anbiyā’ – Book of the Prophets, Ch. 48, Hadith #3438)

Narrated Nāfi’, Narrated ‘Abd Allāh ibn ‘Umar (may Allāh be pleased with both of them): The Messenger of Allāh said, ‘I saw myself (in a dream) near the Ka’bah last night, and I saw a man with an Ādam-ic (light brown) complexion, the best you may see amongst men of that complexion, having long hair reaching his earlobes which was the best hair of its sort, and he had combed his hair and water was dropping from it, and he was performing the Tawaf (circulation) around the Ka’bah while he was leaning on two men or on the shoulders of two men. I asked, ‘Who is this man?’ Somebody replied, ‘(He is) Messiah, son of Mary.’ Then I saw another man with very curly hair (ja’din), blind in the right eye which looked like a protruding out grape. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ Somebody replied, ‘(He is) the Antichrist Messiah (al-Masīh al-Dajjāl).’” (Sahīh Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Ta’bīr – Book of the Interpretation of Dreams, Ch. 11, Hadith #6999 and Sahīh Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Libās – Book of Clothing, Hadith #789)

In one hadith, the Prophet (sa) said he saw Jesus with a reddish complexion, and in the other he said he saw the Messiah who is to come with a light brown complexion and could not recognize him even though he knew what Jesus looked like from seeing him before in Mi’raj. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) had a light brown complexion.

Also, Na’īm ibn Hammād (ra) narrated that the Prophet (sa) said:

المهدي آدم من الْهل

“The Mahdī will be of light brown complexion from amongst the people.” (Kanz al-‘Ummāl, Vol. 7)


Mahdi and Messiah are Titles for the Same Individual
Mahdi and Messiah are not 2 different persons but in fact descriptions for the same person:


أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا يزداد اأممر إلا شدة ولا الدنيا إلا إدبا ا ر ولا الناس إلا شحا ولا تقوم الساعة إلا على ش ا رر الناس ولا المهدي إلا عيسى ابن مريم

“…Lā al-Mahdīyun illā ‘Īsa ibn Maryam.” “There is no Mahdī except Jesus son of Mary.” (Ibn Mājāh, Hadīth #5579)

عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال يوشك من عاش منكم أن يلقى عيسى ابن مريم إماما مهديا وحكما عدلا فيكسر الصليب ويقتل الخنزير ويضع الجزية ويضع الحرب أو ا زرها

“Abū Hurayrah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Whosoever from amongst you that is living when ‘Īsa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary) arrives (yalaqā), (he is) the Imām Mahdī and Hakam ‘Adil (Just Arbiter), (he will) then break the cross (yaksaru al-Salīb) and kill the swine (yaqtalu al-Khinzīr) and put Jizyah (yada’ al-Jizyah) and war (yada’ al-Harb) to an end (awzāruhā).’” (Musnad Ahmad, Hadīth #9002)

وحدثني وهب بن بقية الواسطي؛ حدثنا خالد بن عبد الله؛ عن الجريري، عن أبي نضرة، عن أبي سعيد الخدري، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا بويع لخليفتين فاقتلوا الآخر منهما.

“Wahb ibn Baqiyyah al-Wāṣiṭī narrated to us; Khālid ibn ‘Abdi-Llāh narrated to us; from al-Jarīrī, from Abū Naḍrah, from Ḥaḍrat Abū Sa‘īd al-Khudrī (ra), he said: Ḥadrat Rasūlu-llāh (sa) said: If two caliphs are given allegiance at the same time, murder the last of both”. [Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Kitāb al-Imārah, Bāb Idhā Būyi‘a Li Khalīfatayn, no. 1853]

According to several aḥādīth, al-Mahdī is called a Caliph of Allāh. In other places, al-Masīḥ is named the caliph of my Ummah. For instance:

“Beware, there shall be no prophet or messenger between Jesus, the son of Mary, and me. Remember, he shall be my Khalīfah in my Ummah after me.” (Mu‘jam Kabīr wa Awsaṭ wa Ṣaghīr of Imām Tabrānī)

Thawban (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) said: ‘When you find the Mahdī, perform bay`ah at his hands. You must go to him, even if you have to reach him across icebound mountains on your knees. He is the Mahdī, the Khalīfah of Allāh” (Ibn Mājah, Kitāb al-Fitan – Book of the Turmoils)

So, due to al-Masīḥ’s coming after the Mahdi, he must be killed pursuant to the teaching of ḥadīth. Or you could have one Caliph to unite the Ummah who is both Masih and Mahdi. In this regard:

Imam Abu Hanifah:

أنه لا يجوز أن يكون على المسلمين في وقت واحد في جميع الدنيا إمامان لا متفقان ولا متفرقان.

“It is impermissible for Muslims in one single time throughout the world to have two Imāms, neither concordant nor divergent”. [Al-Mīzān al-Kubrā 2/131]

Al-Imām an-Nawawī, a shāfi‘ī scholar, said in ash-Sharḥ:

واتفق العلماء على أنه لا يجوز أن يعقد الخليفتين في عصر واحد سواء اتسعت دار الإسلام أم لا.

“Scholars have come into agreement that it is impermissible that two caliphs are appointed in one single period, same either Dār al-Islām expands or not”. [Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 12/232]

Ibn Ḥazm, aẓ-Ẓāhirī, a 4th Hijrī scholar, wrote:

ولا يحل أن يكون في الدنيا إلا إمام واحد.

“It is not legal in the world except only one single Imām”. [al-Muḥallā 9/360]

Al-Imām al-Mawardī, a medieval expert in as-Siyāsah al-Islāmiyyah (Islamic political theory), wrote:

وإذا عقدت الإمامة لإمامين في بلدين لم تنعقد إمامتهما لأنه لا يجوز أن يكون للأمة إمامان في وقت واحد.

“If Imāmah is appointed for two Imāms, their Imāmah is nor warrantable as it is impermissible for Ummah to have two Imāms in one single time”. [al-Aḥkām as-Sulṭāniyyah 1/10]



لا مهدي كاملا معصوما إلا عيسى.

“There is no Perfect and Infallible Mahdī except Jesus”. [at-Tadhkirah 2/723]

Ibn Khaldun:

لا يكون مهدي إلا المهدي الذي نسبته إلى الشريعة المحمدية نسبة عيسى إلى الشريعة الموسوية في الاتباع و عدم النسخ.

“There will be none of Mahdī except the Mahdī whose relation to the Muḥammadian Law in adherence and absence of abrogation is like the relation of Jesus to the the Mosaic Law”. [Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldūn, al-Qism ath-Thānī Min al-Faṣl ath-Thālith Wa al-Khamsūn Fī Amr al-Fāṭimī]

Mujāhid ibn Jabr, a student of Imam ‘Alī (ra) and Ḥaḍrat Ibn ‘Abbās (ra), stated:

حدثنا الوليد بن عتبة؛ عن زائدة، عن ليث، عن مجاهد، قال: المهدي عيسى ابن مريم.

“Al-Walīd ibn ‘Utbah narrated to us; from Zā’idah, from Layth, from Mujāhid, he said: Al-Mahdī is Jesus Son of Maryam”. [al-Muṣannaf, Kitāb al-Fitan, no. 38660] – Ṣaḥīḥ Maqṭū‘

Ibn Kathīr said:

وعند التأمل لا يتنافيان، بل يكون المراد من ذلك أن المهدي حقا هو عيسى ابن مريم.

“Both of them do not conflict each others with contemplation. But, the meaning of that is that al-Mahdī in the true sense is Jesus Son of Mary”. [Al-Bidāyah Wa an-Nihāyah 19/67]

Al-Walīd ibn Muslim, one of the Imāms from the Tābi‘īn, narrated:

حدثنا الوليد؛ قال: سمعت رجلا يحدث قوما، فقال: المهديون ثلاثة: مهدي الخير وهو عمر بن عبد العزيز، ومهدي الدم وهو الذي تسكن عليه الدماء، ومهدي الدين عيسى ابن مريم عليه السلام تسلم أمته في زمانه.

“Al-Walīd narrated to us; he said: I once heard of someone talk to a group of people: al-Mahdiyyūn are three. Mahdī of virtue, he is ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd-il-‘Azīz. Mahdī of blood, whom blood dwells in. Mahdī of religion, he is Jesus Son of Maryam whose Ummah is safe in his time”. [al-Fitan Li Nu‘aym ibn Ḥammād, no. 1043] – Ṣaḥīḥ Maqṭū‘

Al-‘Allāmah ‘Umar aṭ-Ṭibī said:

إن هناك فريقا كبيرا من كبار رجال السنة والجماعة يقولون لا مهدي إلا عيسى.

“There is a large party from the great of Ahl as-Sunnah Wa al-Jamā‘ah who say that there is no Mahdī except Jesus (as)”. [Jarīdah al-Alif, Bāb ‘Adad, p. 3499]

Village of Kadi’ah
The Prophet (sa) said:

يخرج المهدي من قرية يقال لها لها كدعة

“The Mahdi will appear in a village called Kadi’ah.” (Jawāhir al-Asrār, pg. 55)

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) was born in Qadian, which etymologically is traced to the word Qadiya, which is similar to Kadi’ah.

Descent of the Messiah
“Jesus son of Mary will descend near a white minaret to the East of Damascus” – Prophet Muhammad (sa) (Sahīh Muslim)

No such minaret existed in Damascus when the Prophet (sa) made this prediction.

– Qadian is directly East of Damascus
– There is a white minaret in Qadian, and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was born near it
– Meaning of nuzūl نزول (as said in this hadīth, ينزل ‘he will descend’) literally means “descent” but can also mean to “appear” or “be manifest” and never means “to come down from the sky”. In this hadīth, it means that the Messiah will appear, and not descend down from the sky, as Seyyidina ‘Īsaas is dead. In the Qur’ān itself, the word nuzūl and its various derivatives appear 293 times, and mostly every single time (with the exception of the sending down of iron, حديد  hadīd perhaps from the sky, الله أعلم ), it means to “appear” rather than “descend from the sky”. It says:

ثُمَّ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ
“Then Allāh sent down tranquility upon His Messenger.” (Sūrah al-Tawbah, 9:26)

قَدۡ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ إِلَيۡكُمۡ ذِكۡرً۬ا رَّسُولاً۬ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ
“Surely Allāh sent down to you a Reminder, the Messenger, who recites unto you the Signs of Allāh.” (Sūrah al-Talāq, 65:11-12)

ثُمَّ أَنزَلَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ ٱلۡغَمِّ أَمَنَةً۬ نُّعَاسً۬ا يَغۡشَىٰ طَآٮِٕفَةً۬ مِّنكُمۡ‌ۖ
“Then I sent upon you, after the sorrow, peace upon a group of you that was overcome with slumber.” (Sūrah Āl-e-‘Imrān, 3:155)

تَنزِيلُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ
“The descent (revelation) of this Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.” (Sūrah al-Zumar, 39:2)

أَنزَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمِ ثَمَـٰنِيَةَ أَزۡوَٲجٍ۬‌ۚ
“And I have sent down to you from the eight head of cattle in pairs.” (Sūrah al-Zumar, 39:7)

قَدۡ أَنزَلۡنَا عَلَيۡكُمۡ لِبَاسً۬ا يُوَٲرِى سَوۡءَٲتِكُمۡ وَرِيشً۬ا‌ۖ
“We have indeed sent down to you clothes to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you.” (Sūrah al-A’rāf, 7:27)

There are more examples in the Holy Qur’ān of nuzūl means to appear, and not fly down from the sky.

Moreover, a book of ancient classical Arabic poetry called Hamāsa composed by Labīb ibn ‘Aws al-Ta’ī (nicknamed Abū Tamām) has the following statement:

آل المهلب شانيا غريب من الْوطان في زمن المحل – نزلت على

“Nazalat ‘alā Āli al-Muhallab shāniyā – gharīban min al-Awtāni fī zaman al-Haml.”
“I came and stayed with the children of Muhallab as a guest’ in winter, while I was a stranger, in the days of famine.” (Hamāsa)

Here, the word nazalat نزلت means ‘I came and stayed’ rather than ‘I flew down from the sky.’

Also, Lane’s Arabic-English Lexicon lists the word nazala  نزل  and its various derivations to mean “he settled, made him his guest, occupied, became the position or occupation of, alighted, stopped or sojourned or lodged in the place.”

Similarities with Muhammadan and Mosaic Messiahs
Then there is the fact that he appeared 1400 years after the Prophet Muhammad (sa) as a follower to the Prophet Muhammad (sa), not adding to nor subtracting from the Islamic Shari’a (Law) being raised when the British Empire ruled his land, while Jesus (as) appeared 1400 years after the Prophet Moses (as) as a follower to Moses, not adding to nor subtracting from the Mosaic Law (as it says in the Gospel of Matthew that “I have not come to destroy or add even iota to the Law”).

There are at least 15 other similarities of Jesus and Ahmad as described by the latter himself.

Coming of Dajjal

Then there is the fact that the Dajjal, Gog and Magog (Ya’juj/Majuj), Insect of the Earth (Da’bbat al-Ardh) and Great Smoke (al-Dukhan) have already appeared. For more info, please see my article on the topic:

Prophecies in Surah Takwir
Then there are the prophecies in Surah al-Takwir of the Qur’an which all have happened in the time of the Mahdi (as):

“And when she-camels are abandoned” (81:4)

The Prophet (sa) also said in Sahih Muslim:

لا يتر كن القلاس فلا يسصعا عليهها

“Travel by camel will cease”.

This occurred in the 1800s’ when camels and horses were replaced by new forms of automobiles.

“And when the people are brought together” (81:7)

This refers to the coming of the internet, and of of the establishment of a global village.

And there are more signs in this Surah alone and may be explored in this Tafsir (Commentary) of the Qur’an.

Yellow Robes Prophecy

yellow robes

بين مهرودتين واضعا كفيه على أجنحة ملكين دمشق إذ بعث الله المسيح بن مريم فينزل عند المنارة البيضاء شرقي

“When Allah will send the Messiah son of Mary, then he will descend near a white minaret to the East of Damascus, wearing two yellow robes taking his hands upon wings of two angels.” (Sahīh Muslim, Book 41, Kitāb al-Fitān wa Ashrāt al-Sā’ah – Book of the Turmoil and Portents of the Hour, Ch. 18, Hadith #7015)

– Imām Ahmad ibn Hanbal called the kuffār (non-believers) بني اَلأصفر (Children of the Yellow) as recorded in al-Bidāyah wa’l-Nihāyah (The History of the Beginning and End) by Imām Ibn Kathīr.

– ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Ās (ra) heard that the Messenger of Allāh (sa) said to him:

علي ثوبين معصفرين، فقال إن هذه من ثياب الكفار فلا تلبسها

“About two yellow robes (that I was wearing), then he said ‘Surely these are from the clothing of the kuffār (non-believers) so do not wear these two.’” (Sahīh Muslim, Book 24, Kitāb al-Libās wa al-Zīnah – Book of Clothing and Decoration, Ch. 3, Hadith #5173)

– عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : نهى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يتزعفر الرجل
“Anas (ra) said: The Prophet (sa) prohibited men from wearing yellow robes.” (Riyādh al-Sālihīn, Kitāb al-Amr al-Munhī ‘Anhā – Book of the Prohibited Actions, Bāb: Tahrīm labasa al-Rajul thawban muz’afran – Chapter: Prohibition of Wearing Yellow Robes, Hadīth #1798, also recorded in the Sahīhayn – Bukhārī and Muslim)

– Therefore, if Jesus (as) is going to come wearing yellow robes, it would contradict with two other statements of the Prophet (sa) where he said Muslims should not wear yellow robes.

– Muhammad Ibn Sirīn (rh), the most famous Muslim interpreter of dreams who lived in the 8th century and was a friend of Anas bin Malik (ra) and was therefore a tabi’, wrote in his book Ta’bīr al-Ru’yā (Interpretation of Dreams) that yellow clothes represent illness and disease.

– Therefore, it indicates that the Messiah will have two illnesses. One on the top part of his body, and one on the bottom part. And Seyyidina Ahmad (as) had both vertigo (a disease of the top part of the body) and diabetes (a disease of the bottom part). Prophets have gotten sick including the Prophet Muhammad (sa) and Prophet Ayyūb (as) who was known to be sick often.

Messiah from Among the Muslims
كيف أنتم إذا نزل ابن مريم فيكم و إمامكم
“How will you be when the Son of Mary will appear among you and is your Imām (leader) from amongst you.” (Sahīh Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Anbiyā’ – Book of the Prophets, Ch. 49, Hadith #3449)

ﻳﻑ ﺍﻧﺗﻡ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻧﺯﻝ ﺍﺑﻥ ﻣﺭﻳﻡ ﻔﻳﮑﻡ ﺎﻓ ّﮑﻡﻣ ﻣﻧﮑ
“What will be your situation, when the son of Mary will descend among you and who will perform the duties of your Imām.” (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Iman, vol. 1 page 137)

Both of the above ahadith ﻣﻧﮑﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻣﮑﻡ and ﻣﮑﻧﻡ ﮑﻡﻣّ ﺎﻓ indicate that the name ‘Isa bin Maryam is used as allegorically and refers to an Imām who shall be from the Muslims and not from the Jews, as Jesus (as) was.

Coming of Ahmad
وَإِذۡ قَالَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَ يَـٰبَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ إِنِّى رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ إِلَيۡكُم مُّصَدِّقً۬ا لِّمَا بَيۡنَ يَدَىَّ مِنَ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ وَمُبَشِّرَۢا بِرَسُولٍ۬ يَأۡتِى مِنۢ بَعۡدِى ٱسۡمُهُ ۥۤ أَحۡمَدُ‌ۖ
“And when Jesus, son of Mary, said, ‘O children of Israel, surely I am Allah’s Messenger unto you, fulfilling that which is before me of the Torah, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger who will come after me. His name will be Ahmad.’” (Sūrah al-Saff, 61:7)

– Allāh says that Jesus said Rasūlin ya’tī mim ba’dī. Ismuhū Ahmad اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ رَسُو ل يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي

In Sahīh Bukhārī there is a hadīth where the Prophet (sa) said one of his names is ‘Ahmad’. However, how can a Prophet come ba’da (after) Jesus named Ahmad if he was still alive at the time the Prophet Muhammad (sa) was alive on this earth? It indicates that Jesus is dead.

– Ghulām Ahmad means “Slave/Son of Muhammad”, as Ahmad was the other name of the Prophet (sa). The word ghulāmun is found in the Qur’ān many times and means ‘youth, slave’ or ‘son’.

Breaking the Cross, Killing the Swine, Stopping War, Distributing Wealth

والذي نفسي بيده ليوشكن أن ينزل ابن مريم حكما عدلً فيسكر الصليب و يقتل الخنزير و يضع الحرب و يفيض
المال حتى لً يقبل أحد حتى تكون السجدة الواحدة خير من الدنيا و مافيها

“By the One who owns my soul, it is nigh, of a certainty, that the son of Mary will appear (come and stay with you) among you: He will be a judge, he will be just; so he will break the Cross and kill the Swine; and he will stop war: and wealth will increase so that no one will accept it; and a single Sajdah (prostration) will be better than the whole world and all that there is in it.” (Sahīh Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Anbiyā’ – Book of the Prophets, Ch. 49)

عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال يوشك من عاش منكم أن يلقى عيسى ابن مريم إماما مهديا وحكما عدلا

فيكسر الصليب ويقتل الخنزير ويضع الجزية ويضع الحرب أو ا زرها
“Abū Hurayrah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Whosoever from amongst you that is living when ‘Īsa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary) arrives (yalaqā), (he is) the Imām Mahdī and Hakam ‘Adil (Just Arbiter), (he will) then break the cross (yaksaru al-Salīb) and kill the swine (yaqtalu al-Khinzīr) and put Jizyah (yada’ al-Jizyah) and war (yada’ al-Harb) to an end (awzāruhā).’” (Musnad Ahmad, Hadīth #9002)

– As far as yaksuru’l-salīb (breaking the cross) is concerned, the authentic and classical view of this is given by Badr al-Din al-‘Aynī (rh) in his well-known commentary of Sahih al-Bukhari, “Umdah al-Qarī fī Sharh Sahīh al-Bukhārī” that this means to refute Christian doctrines and put an end to the dominance of Christianity as a world superpower.

– As far as yaqtulu’l-khinzīr (kill the swine) is concerned, Imām Ghazālī (rahmatAllāhu ‘alayh)’s book Kitāb Sharh-e-‘Ajā’ib al-Qalb (Book of Commentary of the Mysteries of the Heart) in which Imam Ghazāli, Hujjah wa Mujjadid al-Islām (Proof of and Centennial Reformer of Islām), states that there are 3 states of soul that are inclined to sin:

– Khinzīr al-Shahwah (Pig of Carnal Desires)

– Kalb al-Ghadhab (Dog of Anger)

– Shaytān al-Nafs (Demon of Soul)

If it is understood that ‘khinzīr’ here is a metaphor for “carnal desires” therefore it is fitting that the Prophet (sa) said the Messiah shall kill this pig of carnal desires, and not go around killing every pig, a feat which cannot be done by one man alone, serves no purpose, and is irrational. Another meaning of this is that when Muslims become the majority of the world (which Seyyidina Ahmad (as) said would happen approx. 300 years after his death) the consumption of swine shall altogether be abandoned.

– As far as yaḍaʿu’l-ḥarb / yaḍaʿu’l-jizya awzāruhā (ending war / end [the necessity for taking] Jizya) is concerned, the Promised Messiahas was a man of peace, to the extent that his final book written a day before his death was called “Message of Peace”, emphasizing what was already known as the Greater Jihād of the Nafs, or the Purification of the Soul.

– As far as the Imam Mahdi being Imāmukum minkum (Imām from amongst yourselves), Ḥakam (Arbiter of Fiqh and other Islāmic matters), and ʿĀdal (just ruler), Seyyidina Mirzā Ghulām Ahmad (as) was all these things. As Ibn ʿArabī states in his Kitāb al-Mahdī (Book of the Mahdī) that the Mahdī shall make new fatāwa not based on his hawā (desires) or ijtihād or the 4 classical madhāhib (Hanafī, Hanbalī, Mālikī and Shafīʿi) but based on direct revelation (ilhām) from Allah, and it is for this reason that the people shall reject him saying he is not practicing Islam as is understood by the fiqh of the 4 Classical Schools of Thought, this is exactly what happened. He further, as Hakam, said that his followers should follow the fuquhā’ (classical jurists) of the Hanafī madhhab, which is what we do, and by inference it is understood that the Usūl (methodology) of the Hanafī madhhab should also be used.

– As far as distributing wealth (yafīdh al-Māl يفيض المال ) that no one will want to take, there are many people today who do not want to read the books of Seyyidina Imam Mahdīas, but rather listen to misinformation spewed by antagonists of Jamā’ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Ahmadīyyah. The corpus of books the Promised Messiah produced is called Ruhānī Khazā’in (Spiritual Treasures) for a reason. He said, ‘The treasures that laid buried for more than a thousand years; are now being distributed by me to the one who is ready to accept them.’ Anyone reading his books can see this for himself, especially his Arabic works.

Furthermore, even the Prophet (sa) said:

وعن أبي موسى رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ ‏”‏ألا أدلك على كنز من كنوز الجنة ‏؟‏‏”‏ فقلت‏:‏ بلى يا رسول الله قال‏:‏ ‏”‏لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله

“Shall I not guide you to a treasure from the treasures of Jannah?” I said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” Thereupon he (ﷺ) said, ‘(Recite) ‘La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah’ (There is no change of a condition nor power except by Allah).” (Al-Bukhari Book 16, Hadith 1443, and Muslim)

Summary of Some Signs

Finally, I leave you with a quotation of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) himself:”Now about my claim which is supported by a host of arguments and proofs….

– Is it not enough to establish the truth of my claim that the Holy Qur’an has discussed in graphic detail the signs of and circumstances relating to my coming.

– In a way, my name too has been foretold.

– Even the name of my village, namely, Kadi’a is also there in the traditions.

– The traditions further prove that the Promised Messiah will be born in the thirteenth century and will appear in the fourteenth.

– In the Sahih Bukhari is found the full description of my facial features…..

– And this too is laid down in as many words that the Promised Messiah will appear to the East of Damascus. – And is not Qadian in fact to the East of Damascus?

– Similarly the timely occurrence of lunar and solar eclipses in the month of Ramadhan just when I had announced my claim to be the Promised Messiah and the people at large had refused to accept this claim as authentic.

– Similarly, in keeping with the prophecies of the Quran and the traditions, the invention of the railways and the camel’s consequent redundancy;

– obstacles to the performance of Pilgrimage to Ka’ba;

– the age of the triumph of the cross;

– the appearance of hundreds of signs at my hands,

– the present time being exactly the time fixed by the earlier prophets;

– my being commissioned to the present office at the head of the century;

– visions and dreams experienced by thousands of virtuous people testifying to my authenticity;

– the statement of the Holy Qur’an and of the Holy Prophet, that the Promised Messiah will be one of the Ummah;

– my affairs being visited by divine succour;

– the pledge of Bay’ah (initiation) at my hands by about two hundred thousand people and consequently their following the path of truth and virtue;

– the crumbling of Christianity as a religion and the subsequent softening of the hold of trinity like the melting snows;

– the division of Muslims into a large number of denominational sects and their state of decadence and the numerous innovations and deviations from the norm,

– the current polytheism, alcoholism, sexual promiscuity, dishonesty and falsehood which have run rampant on a global scale and resulted in a great upheaval and crisis in the world

– and on every dimension tremendous revolutionary changes are taking place in the universe;

– and as will be borne out by all reasonable people the world needs a reformer;

– and finally the failure of all to compete with me in miraculously competitive writing

– and in showing heavenly signs and the fulfillment of hundreds of thousands of divine prophecies in my support.In short, all these signs and proofs and corroborative circumstances should be sufficient evidence for a God-fearing person to accept my claim.”

(Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as), Tazkiratush-Shahadatain pg. 38-39)

Importance of Accepting the Mahdī and Messiah

– In the book “Sunan ibn Mājah” regarding the Imām al-Mahdī, it is recorded that the Holy Prophet (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “When you find the Mahdi perform the bay’ah at his hands. You must go to him even if you have to reach him across icebound mountains on your knees. He is the Mahdi and Caliph of Allah”

– In the book “Sunan Abu Dawūd,” regarding the Messiah, it is recorded that the Holy Prophet (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “…when you see him accept him…”

– In the book “Durr al-Manthūr,” of Imām Suyūti, regarding the Messiah, it recorded that the Holy Prophet (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever among you meets Jesus, son of Mary, should convey my greetings to him.”

– In the book “Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal” regarding the Imām Mahdī it is recorded that the Prophet (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ’He who dies in a condition that he has not recognized the Imām al-Zamān (of the age) dies a death of ignorance.’

– Narrated Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman: “Stick to the Jama’at (community) of Muslims and their Imam (ruler).” I said, “If there is neither a Jama’at of Muslims nor an Imam (ruler)?” He said, “Then turn away from all those sects even if you were to bite (eat) the roots of a tree till death overtakes you while you are in that state.” (Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 88, Number 206)

Call of a Muslim

Seyyidina Ahmad, the Imam Mahdi (as) wrote:

آمنت بالله وملائكته وكتبه ورسله والبعث بعد الموت، واشهد ان لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له واشهد ان محمدا
عبده ورسوله، فاتقوا الله ولا تقولوا لست مسلما واتقو الملك الذي اليه ترجعون

“I believe in Allāh, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and Resurrection after death. I bear witness that there is no God except Allāh, the One without associate; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Fear Allah and say not: You are not a Muslim. Fear the King to Whom you will be brought back.”

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

11 thoughts on “Signs of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) as the Mahdi and Messiah

  1. Atul mittal says:

    Wonderful. I am learning new things everyday about Ramadan and Quran. Actually, I am not a Muslim, but recently I got fascinated by this very concept of fasting during the month of Ramadan and so, I am reading as much as I can about Quran. Some of the saying in Quran are just awesome and worth implementing in the real life. Thanks for sharing
    Ramadan Kareem quotes 2014

  2. Fatima says:

    WOW! That’s awesome and so true!
    InshAllah InshAllah! The everybody will come to belive and understand these signs that are so evident

  3. Cideaque says:

    Alhamdulillah for this, “the truth has surely come…” Jazakumullah brother in Islam

  4. Arfa says:

    A very good effort, a must read for all ahmadis & non-ahmadis, all references in one place!
    Much appreciated!

  5. Saleh says:

    Wow how you ahmadis lie and fabricate
    First regarding the fact that The Mahdi will wage war on the christan and jews if you were a real muslim you would know that the Mahdi and Jesus will fight the dajjal not the jews and Christians and one of the authentic ahadeth says that the jews and Christians will believe in him and they will make justice and every one would be happy as far as i see the British colonliests were the only happy ones
    And even your metaphoric explanations are false because USA is a super power
    Russia is a supper power infact the communist Soviet Union came after mirza British ahmad and it thrived for about 90 years after mirza

  6. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani Is False Prophet Like Muslima Kazzab And Aswand Ansa

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: